Direct Link to the Wisconsin Digital Archives

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Make it easier for your users to get to the Wisconsin Digital Archives by placing a direct link to the collection on your library’s webpage. If you already have a link to the Wisconsin Digital Archives from your webpage, please update the link to http://www.wistatedocuments.org/digital/ . The old URL will automatically redirect to the new site, however the site was recently redesigned to a responsive site that is more accessible and allows for better functionality on mobile devices and tablets.

If you would like to hyperlink to the Wisconsin Digital Archives using a logo, both small and large logos are available online. The code allows libraries to embed the logo into their websites.

Looking for bookmarks or promotional materials to highlight the Wisconsin Digital Archives? Outreach materials are available for libraries to download online.

Contact statedocuments@dpi.wi.gov if you have any questions.

Written by: Abby Swanton, Resources for Libraries & Lifelong Learning

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New Interface for Wisconsin Digital Archives

The Wisconsin Digital Archives has a newly redesigned end-user interface! The new interface includes responsive features that allow for the collection to adapt to any screen size making the Wisconsin Digital Archives easy to use on mobile devices. The new interface also includes features to enhance the usability, performance and accessibility of the Wisconsin Digital Archives in compliance with the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0.  Features include text alternatives for non-text content and configurations that allow for assistive technology to better navigate the collection.

The Wisconsin Digital Archives contains more than 15,000 state government documents published starting in 2001-current from the executive and judicial branches and various boards, councils, task forces and commissions. As part of the statutorily mandated Wisconsin Document Depository Program, this collection is in active development, with new content added each month.

The Wisconsin Digital Archives has Quick Links on the homepage to most frequently used state documents including a variety of statistics, master plans from the Dept. of Natural Resources, and resources designed for teachers to use in the classroom. Looking for something more specific? We have you covered with all new search guides.  These guides are designed to make you an expert searcher in no time! Need help finding something? We’re here to help! Email statedocuments@dpi.wi.gov .

Post written by: Abby Swanton, Resources for Libraries and Lifelong Learning

Podcast episode on race, ethnicity and the U.S. Census

I learned (or was reminded) that I am a Census geek when I got excited that one of my favorite podcasts,  Code Switch, recently did an episode on the Census called “Here’s Why The Census Started Counting Latinos, And How That Could Change In 2020.”  CodeSwitch is a blog and podcast from National Public Radio.  Here’s a good description of CodeSwitch, from their About the Code Switch Team page:  “We’re a team of journalists fascinated by the overlapping themes of race, ethnicity and culture, how they play out in our lives and communities, and how all of this is shifting.”

The August 3, 2017, podcast on the Census not only covers the history of how the Census has (or has not) counted Latinos over the decades.  It also features an interview with John Thompson, former director of the Census (the Code Switch blog features a longer version of the interview here) and a discussion of the possibilities and implications of adding “Middle Eastern or North African” (MENA) as a category for race and ethnicity.

I learned a lot from Kat Chow’s story “For Some Americans Of MENA Descent, Checking A Census Box Is Complicated,” which appeared on Code Switch’s blog on March 11, 2017.  I’ve wondered in the past how people of Middle Eastern or North African descent have identified themselves in the Census…this story describes how some people of MENA descent have grappled with that issue.

I also learned about the (well-founded) fears of people of color regarding how Census data might be used.   Chow points out “…the U.S. government used census data to locate and deliver more than 100,000 Japanese Americans to incarceration camps,” not by using individual Census data, but by identifying areas where lots of Japanese Americans lived in 1940.

Code Switch has also published stories on whether the Census Bureau will collect LGBT data.  

Shereen Marisol Meraji, one of the hosts of theCode Switch podcast, and host of the August 3 episode, promises more coverage of the upcoming 2020 Census.  I look forward to it–Code Switch provides valuable perspective and context.  Plus, I like knowing there are other Census geeks out there!

–Beth Harper, Government information and reference librarian, Memorial Library, UW-Madison

 

 

DPI and LRB Join Digital Public Library of America

Guest Post by Emily Pfotenhauer, Community Liaison & Service Specialist, WiLS

More than 15,000 state government documents are now available through Recollection Wisconsin and the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA), thanks to the Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction (DPI) and the Wisconsin Legislative Reference Bureau (LRB). These collections are in active development, with new content added each month.

The Wisconsin Digital Archives, maintained by DPI, includes materials from the executive and judicial branches and various boards, councils, task forces and commissions as part of the statutorily mandated Wisconsin Document Depository Program. Since 1901, Wisconsin statutes have included provisions for the distribution of government documents to libraries for preservation and public access in order to “assist state offices, members of the legislature, and other citizens who are studying the growth and development of the affairs and institutions of this state” (1901 Wis. Laws, Chapter 168). The Wisconsin Digital Archives was established in 2004 to enable state agencies to participate in the Wisconsin Document Depository Program by depositing documents in digital formats.

The Wisconsin Legislative Reference Bureau Digital Collections, launched in 2015, contain documents by and for the Wisconsin Legislature and its service agencies: the Legislative Reference Bureau, Legislative Council, the Legislative Fiscal Bureau and the Legislative Audit Bureau. The Legislative Reference Bureau was founded in 1901 as a nonpartisan legislative service agency providing legal, research, and information services to the Wisconsin Legislature.

The LRB collections and the Wisconsin Digital Archives bring together a wealth of information about state government programs and initiatives through reports, plans, studies, statistics, newsletters, manuals and guides. The annual State of the Tribes addresses, the Wisconsin Briefs series and Information Memorandums published by the Legislative Council are all available through the LRB collections. Notable materials in the WDA collections include the DNR’s master plans for state parks since the 1970s and an array of statistics about life in Wisconsin, encompassing health, natural resources, environment, transportation, crime and corrections, the economy and workforce, education and agriculture.

Direct links to the content in DPLA for both DPI and the LRB are available:

Legislative Reference Bureau Digital Collections

Wisconsin Digital Archives

 

Written by Emily Pfotenhauer, Community Liaison & Service Specialist, WiLS

Wisconsin Heat Vulnerability Indices

The Wisconsin Dept. of Health Services collects data related to population density, health factors, natural and built environments, and demographic and socioeconomic factors to track negative impacts extreme heat can have on vulnerable populations such as elderly populations, socially isolated people and those with pre-existing chronic conditions. This data is used to create heat vulnerability indices (HVI) to identify areas of greatest risk for negative health impacts due to extreme heat for the entire state of Wisconsin, by county and for the greater Milwaukee urban area.

The heat vulnerability indices are available in the Wisconsin Digital Archives along with other resources related to managing extreme heat:

Learn more about how data is collected for the heat vulnerability indices and other heat-related health and safety tips.

Post written by: Abby Swanton, Resources for Libraries and Lifelong Learning

Presidential transitions

Sources for texts of presidential actions & public remarks

As we undergo executive (and legislative)-branch transitions on a federal level, there are a few resources I’d like to highlight.

Presidential documents, including presidential proclamations and executive orders, are published in the Federal Register, which is published every weekday by the Office of the Federal Register, which is part of the National Archives. There are a few sites for the Federal Register:

In its “About the Federal Register” section, GPO says, in the “Presidential Documents Section in the Federal Register” paragraph:

This section of the Federal Register contains documents signed by the President and submitted to the Office of the Federal Register for publication. Presidential documents include Proclamations and Executive Orders, as well as other documents such as determinations, letters, memorandums, and reorganization plans. The documents are compiled annually in title 3 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).

I had to pull out my gov docs textbook, Tapping the Government Grapevine, 3rd edition, to find the distinction between executive orders and presidential proclamations.  Judith Schiek Robinson says,

Legally, proclamations and executive orders are the same…In actual use, most executive orders are working documents often used to command government agencies or officials, while proclamations address the general public (p. 130)

Periodically the Office of the Federal Register publishes The Compilation of Presidential Documents, which includes remarks made by the president that don’t have the force of law, and a bunch of other  things described here.  The Compilation of Presidential Documents is available at  GPO’s FDSys site, and its Govinfo site (https://www.govinfo.gov/app/collection/CPD)

You can also look at the White House’s web site, particularly the section labelled “Briefing Room.”

There is a lag time between when executive orders are signed, and when they are published.  I don’t know if there’s ever been a standard lag time.  The Federal Register of Jan 30 contains executive orders and proclamations signed on Jan 24 and 25.

Did the old White House site just disappear?

Executive branch websites reflect the priorities of the current President, just as executive branch tangible publications do.  Congressional publications reflect the priorities of current members of Congress.  This is something I try to remember to tell patrons when I’m talking about government publications.

With tangible publications, literal “paper trails” of previous Presidential administrations’ priorities exist (thanks, in part, to the Federal Depository Library Program, in which 19 Wisconsin libraries participate).  The development of systems to keep a historical record of electronic documents is a process many of us have been alive to witness, and it’s still ongoing.  One example of a process to capture electronic government information, the End of Term Web Archive, has been led, in large part, by libraries.  It has preserved websites from administration changes in 2008, 2012, and 2016.

You can view an archived version of the White House website under Barack Obama’s administration at https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov    I don’t know how deep it goes, but I was able to view blog posts back to July 2010  and speeches and remarks back to January 2009 .

Other archived White House Sites are available from the National Archives and Records Administration.

–Beth Harper, Government information/reference librarian, Memorial Library, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Web archiving – a follow up

In Beth’s last post, she brought up some great questions about preserving government information on the web. I’m happy to say that the Wisconsin Historical Society has made some progress in addressing these questions. Archivists and Librarians at WHS started working together to capture and preserve state agency web sites in 2010, and since then, we have expanded our collections to include Wisconsin county government web sites and some municipal government web sites. We have also created collections related to topics like mining in Wisconsin and organic agriculture, and we have a large collection of online newsletters. You can find links to all of these collections here: Wisconsin Historical Society Web Archives

The tool we use to collect web sites is called Archive-It, a subscription web archiving service from the Internet Archive. The primary difference between the web sites that we capture and the web sites captured by the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine is that our captures are curated, so that we know we are getting everything we need from the sites we crawl. The captures can also be set to happen on a regular schedule. All major Wisconsin state agency web sites are captured at least annually, or more frequently depending on how much information the agencies post on their web sites and how often the sites are updated.

I hope you’ll take some time to explore our web archives, and please contact me if you want more information about our web archiving efforts: Eileen dot Snyder at Wisconsinhistory dot org.

-Eileen Snyder, Wisconsin Government Publications Librarian, Wisconsin Historical Society

Systematic archiving of state web pages?

In an op-ed titled DNR Censors All Climate Change Info, published on the site Urban Milwaukee on December 26, 2016, author James Rowen calls attention to extensive changes to a DNR website now called The Great Lakes and a changing world.   When the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine crawled the site on October 30, 2016, the site was called Climate Change and Wisconsin´s Great Lakes (see that iteration of the page via the Wayback machine here).  While the page’s url has not changed, the url is now the only part of the page that contains the phrase “climate change.”

On the federal level, various libraries, including the Library of Congress, the University of North Texas Libraries, and the California Digital Library, along with the Internet Archive, have been conducting an End of Term Archive since 2008, to capture and save U.S. Government websites at the end of presidential administrations.  (Information about the 2016 End of Web Presidential Harvest here; deadline to nominate sites to be crawled is January 13, 2017.)

The column about the changes to the DNR website got me wondering about what systematic efforts are happening at the state level to periodically crawl or harvest state websites for long-term preservation.  We’ve got the wonderful Wisconsin Digital Archives, but it is busy enough with harvesting and preserving what we think of as discrete publications.

Of course, whenever we talk about harvesting and preserving electronic information, the same issues pop up.  Here are a few of them:

  • Are “web pages” discrete, separate documents in and of themselves, like old-fashioned print publications?  Should there be a historical trail of them?  Or are they more like blackboards, used to post short-term messages?  (This question has now been around for a couple of decades!  Have we settled it yet?)
  • If we decide to archive web pages, how often should we do it?  The Wisconsin DNR example from this week illustrates that substantial changes (say, beyond correcting typos) don’t just happen when there’s a change in administrations.
  • It could end up being a massive project!  Who would do the work, and how would we set priorities?

I admit, the issues are daunting.  But the current Wisconsin Document Depository Program wasn’t built in a year (Wisconsin Document Depository Program Historical Background).  Based on my 18 years as a government information librarian, I feel safe in saying that in the future, students and scholars will be interested in things like when a state government’s outlook on climate change shifted.  And it’s crucial that we, as government information specialists, be thinking about these issues.  We’re unique in serving as links between government agencies and current and future students and scholars.  So let’s put our heads together!

–Beth Harper, Memorial Library, University of Wisconsin-Madison

 

 

 

Hunting in Wisconsin

With the first weeks of school behind us, many in Wisconsin are looking forward to the fall hunting season. Hunting is part of the fabric of Wisconsin culture, going back generations. Since 2003, the right to hunt has even been enshrined in the Wisconsin Constitution (Article I, Section 26).

For a timeline on hunting in Wisconsin, see “A chronology of Wisconsin deer hunting from closed seasons to record harvests” on the Wisconsin DNR web page. The DNR has a great deal of information about hunting, from regulations to hunter safety training, to statistics on harvests of various animals.

Deertagmuseum.com provides a unique perspective on the history of hunting in Wisconsin. While this web site wouldn’t pass muster as an authoritative source (there is almost no information about the person running the site), the images of old deer and other hunting tags and the anecdotes that go with some of them are interesting and fun to look at. I never knew that deer tags were collectible!

On top of all that, the Wisconsin Historical Society Press has published a number of books and articles about hunting, most recently Hunting Camp 52: Tales from a Northwoods Deer Camp. You can find them for purchase on the WHS web site, or in your local library!